From this conviction he gained not only a dangerous feeling of infallibility but also considerable serenity and moderation.
He was backed up first by the great ministers Jean-Baptiste Colbert , marquis de Louvois , and Hugues de Lionne , among whom he fostered dissension, and later by men of lesser capacity. For 54 years Louis devoted himself to his task eight hours a day; not the smallest detail escaped his attention.
He wanted to control everything from court etiquette to troop movements, from road building to theological disputes.
He succeeded because he faithfully reflected the mood of a France overflowing with youth and vigour and enamoured of grandeur. Despite the use of pensions and punishments, the monarchy had been unable to subdue the nobles, who had started 11 civil wars in 40 years. Louis lured them to his court, corrupted them with gambling, exhausted them with dissipation , and made their destinies dependent on their capacity to please him. Etiquette became a means of governing. From that time, the nobility ceased to be an important factor in French politics, which in some respects weakened the nation.
You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security. Louis XIV. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Written By: Philippe Erlanger. Top Questions. Start Your Free Trial Today. Load Next Page. More About. The image of a "warrior king" probably emerged from the courage in battle he showed at the Battle of Poitiers and the creation of the Order of the Star.
From a young age, John was called to resist the decentralising forces affecting the cities and the nobility, each attracted either by English economic influence or the reforming party. He grew up among intrigue and treason, and in consequence he governed in secrecy only with a close circle of trusted advisers. He took as his wife Bonne of Bohemia and fathered 11 children in eleven years. Due to his close relationship with Charles de la Cerda , rumours were spread by Charles II of Navarre of a romantic attachment between the two.
La Cerda's rise at court excited the jealousy of the French barons, several of whom stabbed him to death in John's grief on La Cerda's death was overt and public. On 28 July , at the age of 13, John was married to Bonne of Luxembourg d. Joanna was the widow of Philip of Burgundy , the deceased heir of that duchy, and the mother of the young Philip I, Duke of Burgundy —61 who became John's stepson and ward. John and Joanna had three children, all of whom died shortly after birth:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Saint Denis Basilica.
Bonne of Bohemia m. Joan I, Countess of Auvergne m. Ancestors of John II of France 8. Philip III of France  4. Charles I, Count of Valois  9. Isabella of Aragon  2. Philip VI of France Charles II of Naples  5.
Margaret, Countess of Anjou  Mary of Hungary  1. John II of France Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy  6. Robert II, Duke of Burgundy  Yolande of Dreux  3. Joan of Burgundy Agnes of France  Charles V le Sage. Paris: Fayard. Bak, University of California Press, , pp. Paris: La compagnie des libraires. Jean Le Bon , Paris, , p. Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty. Biography portal. Heads of state of the Franks and France.
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